Sociological Approach to Journalism And Media: News Production

Amer Džihana


This paper points out the importance of a sociological approach to the study of journalism and media. The focus is on the sociological view of the news production process. How do organizational and professional requirements shape and limit journalistic work in news production? Some of the main concepts and interests of the sociological approach are presented, such as gatekeeping, personal characteristics of journalists, social control in newsrooms, relations between journalists and their sources, the issue of journalistic paraideology, and then these issues are discussed in the context of current journalism and media in BiH. The findings of this paper suggest that the meaning of the concept of gatekeeping in light of the dominance of Internet platforms needs to be explored; that we still don’t have a good enough picture of the people who produce the news in BiH; that the issue of social control in newsrooms should be reconsidered in the light of newsroom cutbacks. In addition, research is needed on the nature of the links between journalists and their sources, and the issue of journalistic paraideology in BiH should be examined in the context of reducing the gap between professional journalism and other forms of content production, but also through examination of inherited forms of patriotic journalism.


sociology of journalism and media; journalism; news production; gatekeeping; personal characteristics of journalists; social control in newsrooms; news sources; journalistic paraideology

Full Text:



Anderson, Chris W. (2019), ˝Journalism, online and offline˝, In: J. Curran, D. Hesmondhalgh, Media and Society, Bloomsbury Academic, UK, 227-244.

BH novinari (2020), ˝Covid-19 i ekonomske posljedice na medije u BiH˝, dostupno na: , pristup ostvaren: 20. juni 2021.

Breed, Warren (1955), ˝Social Control in the Newsroom˝, Social Forces, 33(4), 326-335.

Donsbach, Wolfgang (2004), ˝Psychology of news decisions: Factors behind journalists’ professional behavior˝, Journalism, 5(2), 131-157.

Donsbach, Wilfgang, Bettina Klett (1993), ˝Subjective objectivity. How journalists in four countries define a key term of their profession˝, Gazzete, 51(1), 53-83.

Džihana, Amer (2011), ˝Media Intervention and Transformation of the Journalism Model in Bosnia and Herzegovina˝, Medijska istraživanja / Media Research, Vol 17, No 1-2, 97-118.

Džihana, Amer (2018), Žene i mediji: zaposlenice i upravljačke strukture, Udruženje BH novinari, Sarajevo

Epstein, Edward Jay (1973), News from Nowhere, Random House, New York

Gans, Herbert J. (2004), Deciding what’s news: A study of CBS evening news, NBC nightly news, Newsweek, and Time, North Western University Press, Illinois

Gieber, Walter (1956), ˝Across the Desk: Studz of 16 Telegraph Editors˝, Journalism Quarterly, 33(4), 423-432.

Hallin, Daniel C., Paolo Mancini (2004), Comparing Media Systems: Three models of media and politics, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Hanitzsch, Thomas, Folker Hanusch (2012), ˝Does gender determine journalists’ professional views? A reassessment based on cross-national evidence˝, European Journal of Communication, 27(3), 257-277.

Hozić, Aida A. (2008), ˝Democratizing Media, Welcoming Big Brother: Media in Bosnia and Herzegovina˝, In: K. Jakubowicz, M. Sukost, Finding the right place on the map: Central and Eastern European media change in a global perspective, Intellect, Bristol, 145-164.

Jusić, Tarik, Nidžara Ahmetašević (2013), Media Reforms through Intervention: International Media Assistance in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Analitika. Sarajevo

Kumar, Krishna (2006), Promoting Independent Media: Strategies for Democracy Assistance. Lynne Reiner Publishers, USA

McNair, Brian (1998), Sociology of Journalism, Bloomsbury Academic, UK

Medijske inicijative (2020), ˝Analiza sadržaja medija: Kako su mediji izvještavali o korona krizi˝, dostupno na: , pristup ostvaren: 20. juni 2021.

Nielsen, Rasmus Kleis, Meera Selva (2019), More Important, But Less Robust? Five Things Everybody Needs to Know about the Future of Journalism, Reuters Institute, UK

Schudson, Michael (2002), ˝The News Media as Political Institutions˝, Annual Review of Political Science, 5, 249-269.

Schudson, Michael (2019), ˝Approaches to the sociology of news˝, In: J. Curran, D. Hesmondhalgh, Media and Society, Bloomsbury Academic, UK, 139-166.

Scott, John, Gordon Marshall (eds.) (2009), Oxford Dictionary of Sociology, Oxford University Press, UK

Shoemaker, Pamela (1991), Gatekeeping, Newbury Park: Sage Publications, London and New Delhi

Shoemaker, Pamela, Timothy Vos (2009), Gatekeeping Theory, Routledge, UK

Skovsgaard, Morten, Erik Albæk, Claes de Vreese, Peter Bro (2013), ˝A reality check: How journalists’ role perceptions impact their implementation of the objectivity norm˝, Journalism, 14(1), 22-42.

Sokol, Anida (2021), Polarizirano povjerenje javnosti u medije i društvene mreže u Bosni i Hercegovini, SEENPM, Mirovni institut, Fondacija Media centar, Sarajevo – Tirana – Ljubljana

Tuchman, G i Farberman H. A. (1980) ˝Facts Of The Moment: The Study Of News˝, Symbolic Interaction, 3(2), 9-20.

Tuchman, Gaye (1972), ˝Objectivity as Strategic Ritual: An Examination of Newsmen’s Notions of Objectivity˝, American Journal of Sociology, 77(4), 660-679.

Tuchman, Gaye (1973), ˝Making News by Doing Work: Routinizing the Unexpected˝, American Journal of Sociology, 79(1), 110-131.

Turčilo, Lejla (2020), Lokalni mediji – kvalitet medijskih sadržaja i informacija za građane, pluralizam mišljenja i različitost izvora informacija, Udruženje BH novinari, Sarajevo

Turčilo, Lejla, Amer Osmić, Jusuf Žiga (2017), Mladi, politika i mediji, Priručnik za razvijanje političke i medijske pismenosti mladih, Friedrich Ebert Stiftung (FES), Sarajevo

Weaver, David H., Randal A. Beam, Bonnie J. Brownlee, Paul S. Voakes, G. Cleveland Wilhoit (2007), The American Journalist in the 21st Century: U.S. News People at the Dawn of a New Millennium, Lawrence Erlbraum Associates, Mahwah - New Jersey - London

White, David Manning (1950), ˝The “Gate Keeper”: A Case Study in the Selection of News˝, Journalism Quarterly, 27(4), 383-390.

Zelizer, Barbie (2004) Taking Journalism Seriously: News and the Academy, Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks – London – New Delhi

Zendberg, Eyal, Motti Neiger (2005), ˝Between the nation and profession: journalists as members of contradicting communities˝, Media, Culture and Society, 23(1), 131-141.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN: 2490-3604 (print) ● ISSN: 2490-3647 (online)

Društvene i humanističke studije - DHS is under the Creative Commons licence.